Old-English names for plants and herbs?
Topic: Old-English names for plants and herbs?
June 17, 2019 / By Devon Question:
so wormwood is a type of artemesia
and dragon's wort is tarragon...
eye of newt?
tounge of dog?
toe of frog?
wool of bat?
are those real herbs? can anyone tell me either their contemporary common names or their latin names?
or are they just shakespearian creations?
Best Answers: Old-English names for plants and herbs?
Bertie | 2 days ago
Apparently I forgot my sources before....
Ok, I think I have an answer for you.
Actually, I'll give you a complete list, but first I'll start with your list. I couldn't find anything about wool of bat.
Eye of Newt: Mustard Seed
Tongue of Dog: Hound's Tongue
Toe Of Frog: Supposedly Bulbous Buttercup Leaves
The Rest of Them:
Adders Fork:-- Adders tongue
Adders Tongue - Dogstooth Violet
An Eagle:-- Wild Garlic
***'s Foot:-- Coltsfoot
Bat's Wings:-- Holly
Bear's Foot:-- Lady's Mantle
Bird's Eye - Germander Speedwell
Black Maidenhair:-- Black Spleenwort
Black Sampson:-- Echinacea
Blood from a Head:-- Lupine.
Blood from a Shoulder:-- Bear's Breeches
Blood Leather:-- Reindeer Moss/Rock Tripe/Caribou Lichen
Blood of a Goose:-- A Mulberry Tree's Milk.
Blood of an Eye:-- Tamarisk Gall.
Blood of Ares:-- Purslane
Blood of Hephaistos:-- Wormwood
Blood of Hestia:-- Camomile
Blood:-- Elder sap or another tree sap
Bone of an Ibis:-- Buckthorn
Bread and Cheese Tree:-- Hawthorne. Whitethorn, Hazels,
Bull's Blood:-- Horehound
Bull's Foot: - Coltsfoot
Burning Bush:-- Fraxinella, Bastard, or False/White Dittany
Calf's Snout:-- Snapdragon
Candelmas Maiden:-- Snowdrop
Capon's Tail:-- Valerian.
Cat's Foot - Canada Snake Root or Ground Ivy
Cheeses:-- Marsh Mallow
Chocolate Flower:-- Wild Geranium
Christ's Eye:-- Vervain Sage
Christ's Ladder:-- Centaury, Centaury Gentian, Century Red Centaury
Clear Eye:-- Clary Sage
Clot:-- Great Mullein
Corpse Plant:-- Indian Pipe. Fungus
Crowdy Kit:-- Figwort
Crow's Foot:-- Wild Geranium
Cuckoo's Bread:-- Common Plantain
Cucumber Tree:-- Magnolia
Cuddy's Lungs:-- Great Mullein
Devils Dung – Asafoetida
Devil's Plaything:-- Yarrow
Dew of the Sea:-- Rosemary
Dog's Mouth - Snap Dragon
Dogs Tongue - Conoglossum Officinale
Dove's Foot:-- Wild Geranium
Dragon Wort:-- Bistort
Dragon's Blood – Calamus
Earth Smoke:-- Fumitory
Elf's Wort:-- Elecampane
Enchanter's Plant:-- Vervain
Englishman's Foot:-- Common Plantain
Erba Santa Maria:-- Spearmint
Everlasting Friendship:-- Goosegrass
Eye of Christ: - Germander Speedwell
Eye of Newt:-- Mustard Seed
Eye of the Day:-- Common Daisy
Eye of the Star:-- Horehound
Eye Root:-- Goldenseal
Eyes:-- Aster, Daisy, Eyebright, etc
Fairy Smoke:-- Indian Pipe
Fat from a Head:-- Spurge.
Felon Herb:-- Mugwort
Filwort. Centory. or Feverwort
Five Fingers:-- Five-leaf grass or Cinquefoil
Fox's Clote:-- Burdock
Frog's Foot - Bulbous Buttercup
From the Belly:-- Earth-apple.
From the Foot:-- Houseleek.
From the Loins:-- Chamomile.
Gazel’s Hooves: - Quickset, Albespyne,
Goat's Foot - Ash Weed
God's Hair:-- Hart's Tongue Fern
Golden Star:-- Avens
Gosling Wing:-- Goosegrass
Graveyard Dust:-- Mullein
Great Ox-eye:-- Ox-eye Daisy
Hag's Taper:-- Great Mullein
Hair of Venus:-- Maidenhair Fern
Hairs of a Hamadryas Baboon:-- Dill Seed.
Hare's Beard:-- Great Mullein
Hawk's Heart:-- Heart of Wormwood.
Heart of Osmund:-- Royal Fern
Herb of Grace:-- Vervain
Hind's Tongue:-- Hart's Tongue Fern
Holy Herb:-- Yerba Santa
Holy Rope:-- Common Agrimony
Hook and Arm:-- Yerba Santa
Horse Hoof:-- Coltsfoot
Horse Tongue:-- Hart's Tongue Fern
Hundred Eyes – Periwinkle
Jacob's Staff:-- Great Mullein
Joy of the Mountain:-- Marjoram
Jupiter's Staff:-- Great Mullein
King's Crown:-- Black Haw
Knight's Milfoil:-- Yarrow
Kronos blood:-- ocedar
Ladies' Meat- May Flower blossom.
Lad's Love:-- Southernwood
Lady's Glove - Foxglove
Lamb's Ears:-- Betony
Lion's Hairs:-- Turnip leaves
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Originally Answered: Can you help me with English please?
Just in this use means "only" in not considering anything else. It is a limiting condition.
It is just wet = It is only wet and not damaged in other ways.
"Just because" - for the only reason of being
Just because it is raining, = for the only reason of raining
Natural and organic are used in advertising and in the food industry.
Words can be legally defined, or simple communication.
Laws in each country determine what is allowed.
Natural only means occurring or formed without human intervention.
Organic means no human created pesticides or fertilizers.
"Natural" has no legal definition in the USA in the food industry.
Paper is made from natural products.
They can put paper in food and it is natural.
Poison plants are natural and if not using human created pesticides or fertilizers, they are organic also.
Gasoline (Petrol) is made from natural ingredients.
It does not mean everything in it is natural. It does not mean it does not get processing. It means it originally started from dinosaurs and plants and living things that became petroleum in the ground.
In the USA, with no legal definition of "Natural", the word can be used on every food label.
Things that say natural or organic are not always good.
That is the meaning of the sentence.
Poison mushrooms are natural and organic.
Little rocks are natural. They are not food.
A bowl of cereal with little rocks in it is natural.
It can even be organic.
People prefer short names like dogs tongue or frogs toe, but neither yours nor these where to find in Genaust`s Etymological Dictionary of Plant names.
What I can offer you, are:
Dog`s Tooth Violet=Erythronium
There are a lot of other animals names to find in plant-names, because they look similar or the animals like to eat them.
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From the incantation of the Three Witches in Shakespeare's Macbeth, 1605:
Double, double toil and trouble;
Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
Fillet of a fenny snake,
In the cauldron boil and bake;
Eye of newt, and toe of frog,
Wool of bat, and tongue of dog,
Adder’s fork, and blind-worm’s sting,
Lizard’s leg, and howlet’s wing,
For a charm of powerful trouble,
Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.
"Magical properties have been ascribed to bats in the folklore of many cultures. A consultation with a witch often resulted in the prescription of a complex potion, containing some part of a bat, to cure various afflictions from disease to lovesickness...." from [http://www.batcon.org/batsmag/v10n3-5.ht...
Most of the names given in writings such as those found in Shakespeare's Macbeth, 1605 are not necessarily "old-Englsh" but are ancient names going back to "the belief in signatures" - some as far back as ancient China.
The "Doctrine of Signatures" as this belief came to named simply stated a "common" or "vulgar" name of a plant or other living organism according to what it looked like and from this the belief that it was good for whatever its name indicated...IE "liverworts" looked like the lobes of a liver, therefore it was used to treat liver ailments; "lousewort" flowers looked like lice, therefore a shampoo made from this plant would deter or get rid of lice; and so on.
The "Doctrine of Signatures" developed into organized form in Europe during the Middle Ages and reached is peak during the European Renaissance. This "Doctrine" shows the widespread belief in an overall unity of Nature during those times. [http://www.botgard.ucla.edu/html/botanyt...
There is much information on the use of "bats" in potions, but cannot find any plant associated with "wool of bat." Perhaps iwhat Shakespeare meant was a bit of "dried bat remains." Bats which get caught in spaces and can not escape, die (of course) and slowly, because the North American and European species are so fagile, become nothing more than little piles of fuzzy dust with a few very fagile bones remaining.
PS - It would have been wonderful if the answer with the long list of plants' names included a reference.
👍 49 | 👎 -16
These obviously have animal origins, not plants! As far as I know they are not botanical names.
On Bewitched, they were able to purchase this type of stuff from the friendly witches' apothecary...
👍 48 | 👎 -25
Originally Answered: What is the best organic English breakfast tea?
There are a number of tea companies that sell organic English Breakfast blends; you can see a listing of them on my tea site, using the following search: http://ratetea.net/search/?only=tea&styl... -- but most of these aren't widely-available teas; in fact, no one has reviewed them yet on my tea rating website, so it's likely they're not very mainstream or well-known. The brands that I see that are probably most available is Wegmans (if you live near one), Stash (available in most supermarkets--but they might not stock that particular tea) or Equal Exchange (available in some health food stores and stores specializing in fair trade goods).
If you can't find a straight English Breakfast blend, you may want to try to make your own blend out of straight black tea. I have a page describing what makes English Breakfast taste the way it does: http://ratetea.net/style/english-breakfa...
If I were to try to make my own English Breakfast blend, I would probably use a blend of Assam ( http://ratetea.net/style/assam/31/ ) and Ceylon ( http://ratetea.net/style/ceylon-black-tea/69/ ). Using more Assam will make it taste stronger like Irish Breakfast. So you could try to look for Assam or Ceylon teas.
Also, some companies have cheap shipping. Upton Tea Imports has a flat rate of $4.20 for domestic shipping in the US. Their prices are also very reasonable; they sell an organic English Breakfast and also have a huge selection of inexpensive Assam, Ceylon, and other black teas. They sell only loose tea, but you will really get better tea if you buy loose-leaf so it's worth getting into.