Originally Answered: Period pains - How to get rid of major pains?
Cramps are common but they're not a normal part of menstruation, they're a sign of there being something wrong. Look into possible causes, in most cases women can totally prevent cramps, rather than just trying to ease cramps when you get them.
Ibuprofen is best, however they do nothing to really deal with the underlying cause and some women find certain painkillers can make cramps worse over time. Instead try Clary Sage oil rubbed into your stomach, it works better than painkillers and it supports estrogen production and acts on pituitary gland to prevent cramps. Cell salts are a good painkiller alternative too, when you get cramps take them every 5-10 minutes until the pain stops.
Diet is a big deal, get a balanced diet with foods rich in essential fatty acids and low in refined sugars, refined carbohydrates and hydrogenated fats, avoid foods that make you bloated such as salty foods, and some find dairy, caffeine and soy cause problems. Vitamins will help; omega 3, flaxseed oil (approx. 500Mg 2-4 times a day), B vitamin complex with 100mg of vitamin B6, Magnesium (100mg every 2 hours during menstruation), and vitamin E in d-alpha tocopherol form (50mg 3 times a day) - or just try a multi-vitamin daily and increase magnesium, calcium, iron and potassium which are needed for healthy menstruation.
Excercise to stretch abdomen and improve breathing, this video of yoga postures for cramps - http://www.videojug.com/film/yoga-postur... Masturbation is also good excercise as it relaxes you and helps circulation. Complimentary treatments can help such as Chiropractice care or Acupressure, this video showing you how to use certain points to stop cramps http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=afYHM9y4l...
Try drinking herbal teas; yarrow, lemon balm, black haw, chamomile, red raspberry, wild strawberry, valerian, and raspberry leaf all help, also try the Chinese medicine Bupleurum (xiao yao wan) you take 3-4 tablets 4 times a day a few weeks before your period. Also take Evening Primrose oil or Black Cohosh capsules daily to regulate hormones to help prevent cramps.
If you use tampons then consider switching to a better option. Tampons expand into the cervix causing pain and outwards adding to the bloated feeling so well-known for increasing menstrual cramps. Tampons are also bad for vaginal health in general which effects your menstrual health, instead try sanitary pads, softcups or menstrual cups, which are not only healthier and more convenient than tampons but menstrual cups can also significantly reduce menstrual cramps.
If all else fails see a doctor, get tests to see if there is an underlying cause as well as investigating yourself possible causes and treatments. If everything seems okay then ask for an anti-inflammatory drug such as Mefenamic acid to block the the synthesis of prostaglandin F2 alpha, a hormone responsible for cramps, you take these 3 times a day for the first 4 days of your period and they will help cramps better than any other prescription medication.
Avoid hormonal birth control, this stopps periods all together (the bleeding you do get break-through bleeding not menstruation) - this will stop cramps, however it's just being hidden so the cause of the cramps isn't being dealt with and the cramps may return, it also lessens your ability to care for your sexual health long-term. As well as this there are a wide-range of side-effects, and there has been no research into the long-term effects, we do however know in younger women it can effect breast growth and bone development.
Anyone who suggests hormonal birth control for menstrual problems is ill-educated - there is the choice to suppress your menstrual cycles so stop your periods all together, but there is no need to. When it comes to menstrual problems you need to FIX the problem, not just hide it.