Originally Answered: Can someone please explain me how are organic compounds are named?What are the rules for naming them?
This compound can be called propamide. It may have a common name.
PROP comes from the fact that the longest carbon chain contains 3 carbons.
the AMIDE comes from the "nitrogen function group", which is written -CONH2.
which represents a C double-bonded to an O, and single bonded to an NH2 group (ammine, or amino)
Other nitrogen function groups:
-NO2 = nitro as in
and TNT (trinitrotoluene) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/co...
Some compounds can be named two ways
C-C-C-NH2 can be called propyl ammine (3 C side chain attached to an ammine (-NH2) main item.
or it can be called amino propane (an -NH2 side chain attached to a 3 C main chain.)
1 BY LONGEST CHAIN . In 1,2,3 order
meth, eth, prop, but, pent, hex, hept, oct....
C-C-C = propane
side chain = YL
methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, etc.
single = ANE
double = ENE
triple = YNE
propene ---> C=C-C
in a ring = CYCLO
fluoro, chloro, bromo, iodo
5. WHERE, HOW MANY, WHAT
CH2Cl - CHCl - CH2 - CH3
(a 4 carbon chain (butane) with all single C-C bonds (and) has a chlorine attached on C1 and a second Cl attached to C2.)
WHERE = 1,2- = on the first and second carbons.
HOW MANY = di = two chlorine atoms. This prefix has to match the number of numbers. 1,2-di makes sense. 1,1-di make sense; 1,2,3-tri makes sense; (mono is understood unless something else is specified.) Prefixes in order (mono), di, tri, tetra, penta, hexa....
As shown above, TNT could be called 1-methyl-2,4,6-trinitro-1,3,5-cyclohexat...
1,3,5-cyclohexatriene has the common name benzene.
1-methylbenzene has the common name toluene.
Thus 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene = TNT.
OXYGEN FUNCTION Groups = classification = suffix
-OH = alcohol = OL
HO-C-C-C = 1-propanol
2-propanol = rubbing alcohol or isopropanol or isopropyl alcohol.
-O- = ether = OXY
C-O-C-C = methoxyethane
=O on end C = aldehyde = AL
H2C=O = methanal = formaldehyde
=O on internal C = ketone = ONE
2 propanone = acetone = nail polish remover
=O and -OH on an end C = carboxylic acid (organic acid) = OIC ACID
C-C-COOH = propanoic acid.
The -COOH always counts as the number 1 carbon.
Add an -NH2 group and you get an amino acid.
H2N-C-COOH = 2-aminoethanoic acid.