Sick Cat: High White Blood Cells and Weight Loss?

Sick Cat: High White Blood Cells and Weight Loss? Topic: Sick Cat: High White Blood Cells and Weight Loss?
January 18, 2020 / By Makkedah
Question: Hi, I don't know if anyone else dealt with something like this and has any information/advice. My cat is currently at the vets getting some extra treatment, and the vet called me to update but the he had to leave for another appointment. I'm calling him back shortly, but was having trouble wrapping my head around everything he was throwing at me. My cat (2 years old) had been throwing up. At first just food but then she would be fine for a week, and then this weekend it went downhill and she was throwing up liquid (no blood) and not eating. She also started hiding, and wasn't nearly as active and affectionate as usual. I monitored her food intake, and it was much but she didn't throw up at all on Monday, but did late Tuesday night. She goes up to the food bowl like she wants to eat and then decides not to. She has lost weight and in dehydrated. She stayed at the animal hospital to get fluids, meds for her stomach to try and settle it, and some blood work. When the bloodwork came back, found out she has a high white blood cell count, indicating an inflammation somewhere. I have a second cat, who is completely fine so it probably not bacteria or a parasite. The vet gave her a shot of antibiotics and I have the option of taking her home and continue medication, but he said he thought it was serious. My next option is to get an ultrasound, but I don't know what that will show me that is actually actionable and couldn't really get a full answer from the vet. She has a heart murmur, so any surgery is not really an option. I'm thinking now that I might see how she reacts to the meds and hope for the best, especially since I don't think I can go anything that will be found from and ultrasound. I love my cat and want to help her, but also don't want to put her through any unnecessary tests if I can't do anything based off of them. I just wanted to see if anyone else dealt with this and had any thoughts and/or advice. Thanks so much!
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Best Answers: Sick Cat: High White Blood Cells and Weight Loss?

Kiki Kiki | 3 days ago
So sorry that your cat is unwell. Any sick cat must be tested for feline leukemia and feline immunodeficiency virus whether they are indoor or outdoor. A high white cell count can be caused by infection or a virus. Did your cat happen to pig out, eat fatty food or get into the rubbish prior to her presentation of illness? If so a SNAP CPL test should be done to rule out pancreatitis. Ultrasound is a useful instrument in determining the health of vital organs. It is not invasive. Her stomach will be shaved and a technician will hold her on her back as the ultrasonographer visualizes the organs. It is not stressful and I wouldn't consider it as putting her through too much. If they find abnormalities they can take samples for cytology that may be diagnostic I would not take the cat home until she has an appetite. A cat who does not eat will get sicker and hepatic lipidosis will occur. So if she is still reluctant to eat keep her on the intravenous fluids and nutrients. There are drugs like valium,cyproheptadine and remeron that can help increase her appetite. My advice to you is to do the ultrasound if you can afford it as it will help the doctor understand whats going on. Also it will help the doctor rule out lymphoma. I understand how much you care for your cat and just do what you can. I wish you the best and hope soon you will have a diagnosis.
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Kiki Originally Answered: What do white blood cells do?
White blood cell is the general term for any cell of the immune system. They can also be called leukocytes. There are two general divisions of white blood cells, the myeloid and the lymphoid. Myeloid cells (which includes macrophages and dendritic cells) are cells that can respond basically to any foreign material and produce a rapid immune response. The lymphoid cells (which include B cells and T cells), produce a much more potent immune response but are activated only once myeloid cells have been activated. This response is called the adaptive immune response and the time it takes to activate it is the reason why certain infections take about a week to clear up. Generally, all white blood cells can be found to a certain extent in the blood, and thus the heart. However, each cells has a preferred tissue (kind of like a home base). All white blood cells originate in the bone marrow and then migrate to their preferred location, while circulating through the blood stream now and then. When encountering a pathogen, most myeloid cells can kill by engulfing the pathogen and containing it inside a specialized compartment inside the cell. The cell then injects a lot of different toxic molecules into the compartment which destroy the pathogen. If the infection is pretty bad and the adaptive lymphoid cells become involved, they can kill pathogens by either poking holes in their cell membranes (basically causing them to explode) or attacking them with antibodies which acts to painting a bulls eye on the pathogen which other cells will attack. Pathogens can be any sort of foreign material: bacteria, viruses, fungus, allergens, or debris. Certain infectious diseases can cause diarrhea. However, in almost all cases, this is not a result of the white cells, but the pathogen itself. Cholera for example, causes the cells of the intestine to pump water into the intestine causing massive diarrhea. However, the immune system can be linked to certain types of gastric problems. In certain gut infections, the immune response may be over responsive and will end up destroying some of the body tissue as well. If any infection is associated with bloody stool, that is the reason why. Hope this is helpful!

Jan Jan
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at a restaurant split your meal and eat only half meal and take the rest home if the quality is more
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Cis Originally Answered: white blood cells count and disease diagnosis?
I can provide with you with the necessary info but, my answer will be lengthy. I can provide info on WBC's and differential count. Normal WBC count for an Adult/child>2 years: 5,000 - 10,000 Child<2 years: 6,200 - 17,000 Newborn: 9,000-17,000 Differential count: Measures the percentage of each type of leukocyte present in the same specimen. Norrmal range values Neutrophils: 55 -70 Lymphocytes: 20- 40 Monocytes: 2- 8 Eosinophils: 1-4 Basophils: 0.5-1 Interfering factors that may alter the results: 1) Physical activity and strees may cause an increase in WBC's and differential values 2) Pregnancy ( final month) and labor may cause increased WBC levels 3) Patients who have had a Splenectomy have a persistent, mild elevation of WBC counts 4) Drugs that may cause increased WBC levels include adrenaline,allopurinol,aspirin, chloroform, epinephrine, heparin,quinine, steriods, and triamterence(Dyrenium) 5) Drugs that cause decreased WBC levels includeantibiotics,anticonvulsants, antihistamines, antimetabolites, antithyroid meds, arsenicals, barbiturates, chemo agents, diuretics, and sulfonamides Increased WBC: 1) infection 2) Leukemic neoplasia 3) Trauma 4) Stress 5) Tissue Necrosis 6) Inflammation Decreased WBC: 1) Drug toxicity (ie: chloramphenicol) 2) Bone marrow failure 3) Overwhelming infections 4) Dietary deficiency 5) Autoimmune disease ( Lupus) 6) Bone marrow infiltration ( myelofibrosis 7) Congenital marrow aplasia The cause for abnormalities in the WBC and differential is quite a wide range of physical diseases/illnesses.Too numerous to mention. Maybe you can search the web to find out this additional information. Just type in WBC differential. I hope that I was helpful. Here's a web: http://www.labtestsonline.org.uk/underst...

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