Originally Answered: Does teeth cleaning (tooth scaling) makes the teeth weak so that they come loosen up easily later in life ?
No, a deep cleaning, scaling and root planning, does not cause teeth to loosen up. It is a result of gum disease also called periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease affects about 70% of adults and ranges from gingivitis to severe periodontal disease. It is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
The major risk factors are smoking, diabetes and age. In that order.
When bacteria gather around the tooth they convert sugar to superglue and acid and attach themselves to the tooth, called plaque. As this plaque ages and hardens is builds up layers and gets as hard as a rock, we call it calculus (means stone) also known as tarter. Oxygen can't get into it and the bacteria change to a more destructive slow growing bacteria that causes gum disease.
The bacteria release toxins and cause the gums to swell, just like an infected cut on your arm. They bleed easily and start to pull away from the tooth. This allows the bacteria to grow down the tooth, which causes the gums to pull away even more. Eventually the gums can't pull away from the tooth because the bone that holds the tooth in the socket gets in the way.
Here is where your immune system comes into play. If you are susceptible to gum disease than you immune system signals your bone to dissolve away and allow the gums to pull away from the tooth, this allows the bacteria to grow even further down the root, which causes the gums to signal the bone to dissolve even more and.....you get the ides. The end result, no bone to support the tooth, loose teeth, teeth fallout.
To break the cycle you first get a periodontal exam. This includes x-rays and detailed probing (six spots on each tooth) to determine depth that the bacteria has grown down the tooth.
Next, a deep cleaning called a scaling and root planing is done. You are numbed and small sharp instruments are used to chip and scrape the tarter or calculus from the teeth. The root surface is smoothed or planned to allow reattachment of the gums. This usually takes 2 visits maybe even more depending on how tough your calculus is and how deep the bacteria is.
You are coached by your dentist or hygienist on how to better care for your teeth. They may recommend mouth rinses, better tooth brushes, a water pick and may put you on an antibiotic.
4 weeks after you cleaning you return for an exam to determine how well the scaling and root planning worked. It is normal to find one or two sites that need Additional deep cleaning and even local antibiotics placed in the gums.
Some teeth that have lost too much bone may need to be extracted. If you do not respond well to the scaling and root planing then you may be referred to a periodontist for gum surgery.
Oh by the way, bone does not ever grow back....ever. Once gone it is gone forever, not even bone grafting will bring it back.
If you have responded well then you are seen on 3-4 month intervals for PERIODONTAL MAINTENANCE VISITS for the rest of your life. At the visits accurate measurements are made to ensure that the infection has not returned and a detailed cleaning and review of your home habits are completed.
What sometimes happens is people only come in for treatment after they notice a problem, by this time the infection is bad and the bone loss is severe. The only thing holding the teeth in place is the mountain of hardened bacteria. They get a deep cleaning. After they are sore and their teeth are sensitive. They use this as an excuse to never go back again. Then years later their teeth start to fall out and they blame the dentist whose recommendations they did not follow.
If you are scared of the dentist and tooth scaling then you should go see the dentist and get treatment so you never have to have it. If you need it then get it done and keep your 3-6 month appointments so you are less likely to have to have it done again.
If you play the ostrich and bury your head in the sand you leave your butt open for a good kick!
Hope this answered some questions and alleviated some fear.
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